When two men have a close and loyal friendship, this is an example of a brotherhood.
The definition of brotherhood is a relationship between brothers or close friends, or is a feeling of kinship with other people. YourDictionary definition and usage example. Link to this page. MLA Style "Brotherhood. In YourDictionary. All rights reserved. In February , the House Judiciary Committee approved the legislation in a 17 to 10 vote, which if enacted could increase grounds for enforcing criminal penalties and give permission to the Secretary of Treasury to block financial transactions and freeze assets of anyone who has showed material support for the group.
Past U. Bush administration, the U. The Brotherhood was criticised by Ayman al-Zawahiri in for its refusal to advocate the violent overthrow of the Mubarak government. Issam al-Aryan, a top Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood figure, denounced the al-Qaeda leader: "Zawahiri's policy and preaching bore dangerous fruit and had a negative impact on Islam and Islamic movements across the world".
He referred to the Muslim Brotherhood as "dictators" who want "Islamist rule in all the Gulf States". Abd Al-Hamid Al-Ansari denounced the Islamist and leftist excuse used by people with hidden motives, who say that Muslim Brotherhood people being tortured is a reason for radical religious extremism.
The label of "colonialist movement" was used against the Muslim Brotherhood, which was accused of anti- Nubian discrimination and racism by Osama Farouq, a Nubian leader in Egypt. The Muslim Brotherhood has been denounced by Bassem Youssef. Numerous officials and reporters question the sincerity of the Muslim Brotherhood's pronouncements. These critics include, but are not limited to:. According to authors writing in the Council on Foreign Relations magazine Foreign Affairs : "At various times in its history, the group has used or supported violence and has been repeatedly banned in Egypt for attempting to overthrow Cairo's secular government.
Since the s, however, the Egyptian Brotherhood has disavowed violence and sought to participate in Egyptian politics". The Brotherhood itself denounces the "catchy and effective terms and phrases" like " fundamentalist " and "political Islam" which it claims are used by "Western media" to pigeonhole the group, and points to its "15 Principles" for an Egyptian National Charter, including "freedom of personal conviction Similarly, some analysts maintain that whatever the source of modern Jihadi terrorism and the actions and words of some rogue members, the Brotherhood now has little in common with radical Islamists and modern jihadists who often condemn the Brotherhood as too moderate.
They also deny the existence of any centralized and secretive global Muslim Brotherhood leadership. According to anthropologist Scott Atran , the influence of the Muslim Brotherhood even in Egypt has been overstated by Western commentators. Polls also indicate that a majority of Egyptians and other Arab nations endorse laws based on "Sharia". On 29 June , as the Brotherhood's political power became more apparent and solidified following the Egyptian Revolution of , the United States announced that it would reopen formal diplomatic channels with the group, with whom it had suspended communication as a result of suspected terrorist activity.
The next day, the Brotherhood's leadership announced that they welcomed the diplomatic overture. In September , Brotherhood leaders were expelled from Qatar. The New York Times reported: "Although the Brotherhood's views are not nearly as conservative as the puritanical, authoritarian version of Islamic law enforced in Saudi Arabia, the Saudis and other gulf monarchies fear the group because of its broad organization, its mainstream appeal and its calls for elections".
Countries and organizations below have officially listed the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization. Libya 's Tobruk -based House of Representatives also designated the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist group on May 14, In February , the Supreme Court of Russia banned the Muslim Brotherhood, labelling it as a terrorist organization, and accusing the group of supporting Islamist rebels who want to create an Islamic state in the North Caucasus.
In January , during his confirmation hearing, the former U. Secretary of State , Rex Tillerson , referred to the Muslim Brotherhood, along with Al-Qaeda , as an agent of radical Islam—a characterization that Human Rights Watch member Sarah Leah Whitson criticized on social media, disseminating a statement from the HRW Washington director saying that the conflation of the group with violent extremists was inaccurate.
President Donald Trump was considering an order designating the Muslim Brotherhood as a foreign terrorist organization.
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The Muslim Brotherhood was criticized by Secretary Tillerson. Human Rights Watch and its director Kenneth Roth oppose proposals to designate the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization. In a report by the Carnegie Middle East Center , Nathan Brown and Michele Dunne argued that "designating the Muslim Brotherhood a foreign terrorist organization may actually backfire," writing: "The sweeping measure to declare the Brotherhood a foreign terrorist organization now being contemplated not only does not accord with the facts, but is also more likely to undermine than achieve its ostensible purpose and could result in collateral damage affecting other U.
The greatest damage might be in the realm of public diplomacy, as using a broad brush to paint all Muslim Brotherhood organizations as terrorists would be understood by many Muslims around the world as a declaration of war against non-violent political Islamists—and indeed against Islam itself.
What is Brotherhood?
The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt avoids directly implicating itself materially in terrorism while it supports terrorism with words and encourages it, according to WINEP fellow Eric Trager, who advocated pushing them into a corner instead of designating them due to issues with materially connecting them to terrorism other than with their words.
Civil rights lawyer and adjunct professor of law Arjun Singh Sethi wrote that the push to designate the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization was based on anti-Islamic conspiracy theories , noting that "Two previous U. Ishaan Tharoor of The Washington Post condemned the movement to designate the Brotherhood as a terrorist group.
A Central Intelligence Agency CIA intelligence report from January warned that designation of the Brotherhood as a terrorist organization "may fuel extremism" and harm relations with U. The report noted that the Brotherhood had "rejected violence as a matter of official policy and opposed al-Qa'ida and ISIS" and that while "a minority of MB [Muslim Brotherhood] members have engaged in violence, most often in response to harsh regime repression, perceived foreign occupation, or civil conflicts", designation of the organization as a terrorist group would prompt concern from U.
Moreover, a US designation would probably weaken MB leaders' arguments against violence and provide ISIS and al-Qa'ida additional grist for propaganda to win followers and support, particularly for attacks against US interests.
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An article in The Atlantic against designating the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization was written by Shadi Hamid. Qatar 's relationship with Muslim Brotherhood has been a persistent point of contention between Qatar and other Arab states, including Saudi Arabia , the United Arab Emirates UAE , Bahrain , and Egypt , which view the Brotherhood as a serious threat to social stability in those countries.
Following the overthrow of Mohamed Morsi in July , Qatar allowed some Brotherhood members who fled Egypt to live in the country. The Qatar-based Al Jazeera "housed them in a five-star Doha hotel and granted them regular airtime for promoting their cause"; the station also broadcast protests against the post-Brotherhood authorities in Egypt by the Brotherhood, "and in some cases allegedly paid Muslim Brothers for the footage.
After two months of diplomatic tensions the issue was resolved, with Brotherhood leaders departing from Doha later in However, "from Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and the UAE's standpoint, Qatar never lived up to the agreement and continued to serve as the nexus of the Brotherhood's regional networks. Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain, and Egypt made 13 demands of the government of Qatar , six of which reflect the group's opposition to Qatar's relationship with the Muslim Brotherhood and demand that the country cut ties to the Brotherhood.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Transnational Sunni Islamist organization. Society of the Muslim Brothers. Key texts. Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam Iqbal s.
Brotherhood Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - words
Principles of State and Government Asad Ma'alim fi al-Tariq "Milestones" Qutb Heads of state. Key ideologues. Criticism of Islamism. Related topics. Main article: Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. Main article: Ittihad Party. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Iranian Call and Reform Organization. Further information: Islamic Movement in Israel.
Further information: Hamas. Further information: Islamic Action Front. Further information: Hadas. Main article: Muslim Brotherhood of Syria. Further information: Al-Islah Yemen. Further information: Movement of Society for Peace. April Learn how and when to remove this template message.
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Further information: National Rally for Reform and Development. Further information: Justice and Development Party Morocco. Further information: Ennahda Movement. Further information: Prosperous Justice Party. This section is in list format, but may read better as prose.
You can help by converting this section , if appropriate. Editing help is available. August See also: Foreign relations of Qatar. Islam portal Politics portal Egypt portal. Terrorism in America. Jones and Bartlett Learning. Retrieved 9 December The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May Al Jazeera. Retrieved 7 June The National. Retrieved 8 October BBC News.
Retrieved 7 September ABC News. The National Interest. Retrieved 3 November Retrieved 18 January Consultant Plus. Archived from the original on 1 January Hurriyet AFP. Retrieved 26 December Retrieved 7 March Bloomberg News.